Peppermint, aneducation space documenta 14, Museumsnacht Kassel 2016,

photo: Mathias Völzke

Public Education


What shifts? What drifts? What remains?

documenta 14 is not a spaceship coming to land in Athens before moving on to Kassel. Rather this willful estrangement from one city to another and what drifts between them through this project relies on collective forms of action and individual capacities that emerge from the context and builds friendships as it grows. During the making of documenta 14, aneducation develops a process based approach to projects through research, meeting with people, listening and conversing, walking, reading, and looking that acknowledges the development of the mind and the body. A desire to shift the ways in which art, artists, and publics encounter one another within specific contexts is the point from which we embark on an open road of discovery. To learn from the context in which we situate ourselves means to observe the activity of and associate with groups and individuals with whom we find confluent affinities. The aneducation program for Learning from Athens positions itself as a form of exchange between the team, artists, and various forms of public that not only gathers knowledge but also disperses it—like a living organism that breathes and expels the air which it inhabits. aneducation develops projects with collectives, institutions, schools, universities, art colleges, and neighborhoods expanding upon key questions and motivations at the heart of documenta 14. Compelled by the working title Learning from Athens, aneducation is an integrated approach towards the public inviting them to journey with us.

aneducation is what remains after documenta 14 comes to an end.


aneducation researches and adopts the methodologies and approaches of a number of teachers, artists, and thinkers from a variety of periods and backgrounds.… More

Annemarie and Lucius Burckhardt (1930­–2012, Switzerland; 1925–2003, Switzerland)
Occupying the Lehrcanapé (“professorial sofa”) at the Gesamthochschule Kassel (now Kassel University) in the Department for the Study of Town Planning/Landscape Planning and practising so-called strollology, the Burckhardts inspired students not only to have a bird’s eye view of the city plan, but also to understand it on a 1:1 scale. What does it mean to walk within the cityscape and how does this change our perception of how to plan for the city? Coming from a background in sociology, the Burckhardts believed that the relationship between the planner or the architect, the city and its people could have a profound effect on the way that we plan for the future—not by asking what needs to be built but “who is planning the planning?” Thinking about the relationship between the kiosk, the tram stop, and the zebra crossing, the Burckhardts’ approach to educating students began with a return to the source of our mobility within the city.

Lina Bo Bardi (1914–1992, Italy)
The Italian-born architect, writer, and publisher Lina Bo Bardi spent the most of her professional career in Brazil. Having devoted her practice to the planning and building of public spaces, she is best known for the Museu de Arte de São Paulo, SESC Pompeia, and the Museu de Arte Moderna da Bahia. Bo Bardi approached notions of publicness, participation, locale, collectivity, and the ever-shifting status of documents and ruins in her architectural practice and scenographic work. Her core interests included how to keep the remnants of pasts—material, social, or oral—accessible, acknowledged, and relevant with a present context. How to work within existing structures? What is the relationship between the document, monument, and collective action? And drawing from this, how to account for the ephemeral moment of transformation? How to discern the diversity and dialectics of the public as audience and collaborator non-hierarchically? And finally, how to form affinities while maneuvering independently within fraught political circumstances?

Oscar and Zofia Hansen (1922–2005, Finland; 1924–2013, Poland)
“We have come to Otterlo to ask and try to answer a simple question: What do we have in common, and how are we to fight for it?,” wrote Oskar and Zofia Hansen in “The Open Form in Architecture—The Art of the Great Number.” Critical of the standardization of architectural forms in social housing, urban planning, and even education in Poland’s postwar period, the Hansens are both credited for the above-quoted manifesto, delivered at the 1959 CIAM gathering in the small Dutch town of Otterlo. As opposed to the “closed form” seen in functionalist responses to growing urban communities—whereby citizens became numbers to be housed, educated and employed—“open form” as an attitude rather than a doctrine, recognized the position of “the individual within the collective,” making them “indispensable in the creation of [their] own surroundings.” Only a few registrations of the Hansens’ “didactic tools” or “apparatuses” exist, mostly captured in photographs or the memories of students as strange analogue contraptions—some weblike and boxy, but always complex in structure, transformable, processual, even playful, and relational—set within a network of affinities and differences between the bodies negotiating them.

Ulises Carrión (1941–1989, Mexico)
Living in Mexico, Ulises Carrión began to write from an early age, after which he graduated in English Literature in the United Kingdom before moving to Amsterdam in the 1970s. Perhaps the labyrinthine structure of the city provided him with the conceptual tools for considering communication flows. During this time, Carrión shifted his approach to literature and started asking artist friends to send him a book that they had recently made. These “bookworks” made by artists soon became an extensive archive, and were displayed in Other Books and So, a small space in the center of Amsterdam. Carrión also travelled extensively in Europe and developed a series of performances; a film festival about Lilia Prado; a series of paper works; the radio broadcast “Trios and Boleros”; and a new commission for Dutch state television. In 1984, he travelled to New York and made a window installation at the independent space Franklin Furnace together with his friend Frans Gribelling. Just before his death in 1989, the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam acquired a considerable portion of the archive of Other Books and So, and in 2015 the Center for Curatorial Studies at Bard College in upstate New York acquired the rest.


Beginning in March and running through June 2017, Synantiseis, a series of public conversations in Athens, introduces documenta through personal stories, reflections, narratives and experiences, film screenings, talks, performances, and DJ sets. How can an exhibition of contemporary art offer multiple perspectives on our global situation? Should exhibitions always respond to the social, cultural, and political realities of daily life? What are the world events that have made an impact on the developments of previous documenta exhibitions, and what impact have these exhibitions had?… More

documenta 14 Synantiseis invites the public to participate in a series of interdisciplinary sessions to foster a dialogue between the context of documenta exhibitions and the socio-political transformations that have taken place in Greece and the world as a whole. These presentations use different conversation formats to engage the public’s imagination, addressing subjects as varied as political speech and the (de)construction of national identity, resistance through performance art and music, film as poetry, the future of exhibition-making, archiving history, and mourning the past.

Synantiseis is part of aneducation, the public education program of documenta 14. All conversations are conducted in either English or Greek, often with translations into the other language, and take place in different venues across Athens.

Invited Contributors:
Clare Butcher, Panos Charalampous, Marina Fokidis, Hendrik Folkerts, Eirini Gerogianni, Georgia Kotretsos, Eirini Papakonstantinou, Nektarios Pappas, Christoph Platz, Gene Ray, Dieter Roelstraete, Monika Szewczyk, Adam Szymczyk, Katerina Tselou, Zafos Xagoraris, Denys Zacharopoulos, Arnisa Zeqo, and Mary Zygouri.

#1 documenta 4
documenta 4 1968/Kokkinia 1979/Kokkinia 2017

with Irene Gerogianni and Mary Zygouri

Drawing on the tumultuous date 1968 and documenta 4 from the same year, artist Mary Zygouri and art historian Irene Gerogianni discuss the work of Maria Karavela (1938–2012)—a leading figure in Greek…

Public Education

#2 documenta 5
Showdown in Metaxourgio. Diskonekt vs. The Jazz Professor in: The Battle of ‘72

with Dieter Roelstraete and Nektarios Pappas

Dieter Roelstraete and Nektarios Pappas take 1972 as their point of departure, the year of Harald Szeemann’s landmark documenta 5, which evolved into a highly debated model for contemporary exhibition…

Public Education

#3 documenta 7
1982/Performance Legacies/2017

with Hendrik Folkerts and Eirini Papakonstantinou

Hendrik Folkerts and Eirini Papakonstantinou suggest 1982, the year of documenta 7, as a stage to navigate the legacy of various performance histories. While the 1960s and 1970s were defining moments in…

Public Education

Summer Intensives

A selection of “pointy objects“ contributed by students to Panos Charalambous’s sound performance, Summer Intensive, Kunsthochschule Kassel, July 20, 2016, photo: Liebschuh

Artist Panos Charalampous guiding an experimental exercise, Summer Intensive, Kunsthochschule Kassel, July 20, 2016, photo: Liebschuh

Artist Zafos Xagoraris tests a hydrophone with students, Summer Intensive, Kunsthochschule Kassel, July 20, 2016, photo: Nektarios Pappas

Artist Rebecca Belmore leads a performative exercise with participants of the Summer Intensive, Auepark, Kassel, July 27, 2016, photo: aneducation

documenta 14 Curator Dieter Roelstraete presents the Gong Show, Summer Intensive, Halle2, Kassel, July 20, 2016, photo: aneducation

documenta 14 Curatorial Advisor Candice Hopkins shows students how to build contact microphones, Summer Intensive, Kunsthochschule Kassel, July 22, 2016, photo: Liebschuh

Artist Joar Nango shares the practice of Yoiking with participants of the Summer Intensive, Kunsthochschule Kassel, July 21, 2016, photo: aneducation

During the course of one year, a seasonal cycle of “intensive” courses is carried out by documenta 14 aneducation in collaboration with learning institutions in Athens, Kassel, and international partners. The Summer Intensives are based on a summer school model whereby thirty to forty participants from different cities and disciplinary backgrounds have the opportunity to come together and exchange learning models as well as their personal practices over an intense period of time with the guidance of special guests. These programs are led by questions and topics present within the practices of artists and other contributors to the documenta 14 project.… More

July 18–29, 2016
Hosted by the Kunsthochschule Kassel and Universität Kassel

documenta 14 Summer Intensive—School of Listening is a site of learning that includes listening sessions, sound walks, lectures, performances, screenings, and of course sound and music, housed in an ancient or contemporary ruin. During a ten-day program, guided by the questions “What shifts? What drifts? What remains?,” contributors to documenta 14 share their practices of listening in fields as diverse as architecture, composition, performance, and history. The Summer Intensive—School of Listening includes students from Kunsthochschule Kassel, Universität Kassel, Musikakademie Kassel, and the Athens School of Fine Arts.

Further Activities

School program: “Material Matters”

A library of materials and objects in dialogue with artworks…

Public Education

Unpacking Burckhardt at Peppermint

“And if someone were to dig us up in two thousand years, once all knowledge of our written language had disappeared, the cityscape would be the only thing by which we might be judged.”
—Lucius Burckhardt, Stadtplanung und Demokratie (1957)…

Public Education

Kulturagent Project

The Kulturagent Project is a collaboration between documenta 14 and eight schools in Kassel and Nordhessen. From September 2016, the "Kulturagent" of documenta 14, Juliane Gallo, extends support to establish…

Public Education

d14 Sessions

Shape-shifting, disorientation, and a search for new coordinates are amongst the layers of the d14 Sessions. Beginning in the summer semester 2016, these weekly sessions are led by the documenta 14 team…

Public Education

Night Shift

Night Shift is an intermittent program of nocturnal activities exploring how the body responds to the shift from day to night and vice versa. In the build-up to the opening of documenta 14, aneducation…

Public Education


28 March–7 April 2016

“From Pireaus to the Polytechnion,” a walk with students of the Athens School of Fine Arts and artist Zafos Xagoraris up Athens’s…

Public Education

Mapping Kassel

April 18–22, 2016

…In that Empire, the Art of Cartography attained such Perfection that the map of a single Province occupied the entirety of a City, and the map of the Empire, the entirety of a Province…

Public Education

House of Commons

House of Commons is a series of gatherings with educators, artist collectives and cultural spaces, social initiatives, and community leaders in Kassel and Athens. We are interested in how cultural operators…

Public Education
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